Today, a huge number of areas of our life: from education to social policy in solving everyday issues received a new impulse due to the information technology development.
In the education and social sphere, with the help of the Internet and the latest means of communication new means and ways of information transmitting have appeared.
To solve everyday issues, such as the need to make purchases, choose a TV model or find out what the price of the car, we also use the fruits of technical progress and advances in information technology.
However, can we hold that the emergence of a new type of textbooks and new computer-based training programs can make the education system more effective?
Importance of Computers in Education
The advent of computers has aroused great interest in their use in the field of education. The process of computerization is irreversible and cannot be stopped.
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All advanced nations develop and use information technology training. This is because the computer has increased labor productivity in all areas of human activity. Nowadays, many educational institutions can’t dispense with computers.
The process of learning with the help of a computer is the case when the computer acts as a “teacher”.
Significance of Training in IT
The essence of the process of such training can be built in different ways: a computer can offer text for reading, exercises, tasks, and also questions for answers.
Computer modeling allows to simplify the work of a student, as well as save his/her time, thanks to the implementation of complex, for example, drawing work or difficult to perform experiments.
Consequently, the process of your learning is based on the fact that with the help of a computer a student collects information, makes decisions and studies the results to which you can be led.
Pros and Cons of IT Education
The positive properties of introducing a computer into education include strengthening the student’s intelligence by involving him/her in solving more complex problems, developing logical and operational thinking, increasing student self-esteem, his/her confidence in the ability to solve complex professional problems.
All this leads to the positive personality traits formation, such as business orientation, accuracy, self-confidence, which are transferred to other areas of life.
The negative consequences of the computerization process include reduced intellectual abilities of the student while simplifying the solution of problems using a computer, the information culture of teachers, the readiness of teachers to use information technology in teaching; technical equipment of universities.
How Internet Helps
The first information technology object that quickly entered the educational process is a computer, but after a short time the Internet also firmly penetrated the educational process.
The Internet is rapidly spreading around the world, firmly embedded in the educational process.
Thanks to the Internet, students and teachers get access to the world’s largest knowledge archives, satellite weather stations and thousands of other research and educational sources and institutions.
The Role of Internet in Learning
The Internet is capable of providing distance learning based on the request. Teachers can work online not only with students, but also collaborate with their partners around the globe. The Internet is the infrastructure that all educational institutions need.
The possibilities of the Internet in education made it possible to make the learning process more accessible and faster for any user of the network.
At each stage of learning, the possibilities of the Internet give a different result depending on the user’s goal. Any student has the conditions in which he/she, regardless of geographic location, material level, level of education, can receive the knowledge he/she needs in the required volume.
The positive impact of the Internet on the educational sphere can be defined as follows: students who live in remote areas with education that is not sufficient to modern society have the opportunity to use information resources that previously could only be dreamed of;
How does IT Education helps Students in Jobs
Creating new opportunities for intellectual cooperation;
Students from all over the world had the opportunity to communicate with their colleagues from other countries, which creates a new level of multicultural education;
It became easier for physically challenged people to get an education. It also became easier to get help with some students’ works (essays, reports, course and degree projects, dissertations, etc.) using special resources as, for example, Pro-Papers.
Dis-advantage of using Internet
There are also very reasonable negative features of the Internet: plagiarism, downloading someone else’s work; using electronic books instead of traditional ones;
Health damage (impaired vision and hearing, mental disorders); uncensored information (pornography, suicide propaganda, extremism, etc.); it leads to addiction.
In the process of development, information technologies introduced new means and ways of learning into the educational space. First of all, it concerns distance education, i.e., the availability of virtual textbooks that allow to get education without direct communication with the teacher. This form of education is becoming increasingly popular today.
Another information technologies method is the method of conducting classes using multimedia presentations.
Different forms of IT Education
Multimedia lectures provide an opportunity to diversify the material through the use of new technologies that have transformed learning.
It becomes more attractive and allows students to better understand complex theoretical material. The increased cognitive activity of students also contributes to multimedia software.
The use of 3D graphics and new computer technologies increase the awareness of various spatial objects on the plane, the development of spatial thinking among students and increase their level of development of the material under consideration.
My Final Thoughts …
But, despite the positive aspects of multimedia presentations, there are reasons for not using them. The reasons are as follows: expensive equipment; not qualified use of technology. But if you take a responsible approach to creating a presentation, then many problems can be avoided.
At present, the problem of the relationship between modern information technologies and the peculiarities of the formation of a holistic educational space becomes relevant. The use of computer technologies in education provides great opportunities for both teachers and students.
The influence of information technologies on education shows both positive aspects and negative ones, but, despite this, many teachers like this introduction, because it positively and rapidly influences research, study and observation of modern education.